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Title: Health beliefs and practices of the Ibalois of Kabayan
Authors: Lacanaria, Mary Grace C.
Keywords: Health beliefs
Health practices
Ibalois
Cultural
Rituals
Issue Date: Apr-1999
Abstract: THSIS ABSTRACT 1. Title: HEALTH BELIEFS AND PRACTICES OF IBALOIS IN KABAYANAN Total No. of Pages: 351 Text No. of Pages: 337 2. Author: MARY GRACE C. LACANARIA 3. Type of Document: Thesis 4. Type of Publication: Unpublished 5. Host/Accrediting Institution: Saint Louis University Bonofacio Street, Baguio City CHED-CAR 6. Funding Agency: Fund for Assistance to Private Education Legaspi Village, Makati City Metro Manila 7. Key Words: Health Beliefs, Health Practices, Ibalois, Cultural, Rituals 8. Abstract: 8.1. Summary. The study is focused on the health beliefs and practices of the Ibalois of Kabayan. Specifically, it determined some of the beliefs of Ibalois about health and illness across the individual’s lifespan, their responses to health problems, and their health practices as affected by their heath beliefs. It utilized the qualitative design, particularly an ethnographic study to describe and understand the Ibaloi culture related to health. The participants of the study were Ibalois of Kabayan with broad knowledge of the Ibaloi culture who were purposively chosen through theoretical sampling. Fieldwork was done to gather data in the natural setting. Triangulation was done through the use of multiple methods of data collection, which included interviews, participant observation, and record view. Data were categorized into themes to discover cultural health themes. Trustworthiness of data collected was determined through member checks and audit trail. 8.2. Findings. Ibaloi have varying definitions of health according to developmental milestone. Health definitions in infancy encompass physical wellbeing. A healthy child is characterized as physically active, socially integrated and mentally alert. Healthy adolescent/adult Ibaloi is defined in four models: clinical, eudemonistic, role performance and adaptive models. Physical independence is a major characteristic of health among older person. Health promotion behaviors of Ibalois include proper nutrition, cleanliness, protection from harm, prayers and control of emotions, maternal and child care and availing of clinic services. Ibalois describe illness from three perspectives: physically as disturbing pain and discomforts, limited activities, and body weakness; psychosocially as increasing dependence and psychological conflicts; and mentally as mental confusion and emotional instability. They perceive illness to be brought about by natural, religious-spiritual and magical causes. Diagnosis is symptomatic or through emomontos or mansi-bok. Ibalois respond to illness with home remedies, herbal medicines, prayers, behaviors learned from health education, and self-medication. Health care providers sought by the Ibalois when sick are traditional healers like the mengidot and menilchil, and professional health workers like the nurses, midwife, and doctor. They also sick the help of the barangay health workers for simple ailments. A diviner called mambunong or emanmadmad conducts rituals for prevention and cure illness. The factor that effect health beliefs and practices of Ibalois are religion, previous health experience. Economic concerns, knowledge of health interventions, accessibility of care providers and social pressure. These factors influence the cultural health practices of the Ibalois. 8.3. Conclusions. The cultural traditions of Ibalois on health illness remain widespread. Traditional healers continue to play important roles in the management of illnesses. Perceptions of health and illness and health behaviors are culturally relative phenomena. However, although traditions affect health decisions, Ibalois also manifest increasing awareness and practice of scientifically based concepts. A model entitled the Cultural Model of Nursing care was developed by the researcher to guide nurses in providing culturally competent and sensitive care to Ibaloi clients. 8.4. Recommendations. It is recommended that nurses develop their culture competence by using the module developed by the researcher and utilizing approaches such as cultural maintenance, cultural negotiation and cultural restructuring to provide culturally sensitive care to Ibaloi clients. Practices requiring cultural maintenance include use of herbal medicines with proven scientific basis, home remedies, Bad-iw, availing the services of indigenous healers and reinforcement of their health promotion practices. To promote cultural negotiation, there must be continuous training of mengidots; understanding of clients brought late in the hospital with serious conditions; allowing hospital visits from families and friends; health education on causes, prevention and management of illnesses; and encouraging medical consultation before resorting to rituals. Practices requiring cultural restructuring are changes in preventive rituals to directed health behaviors, discouraging selfmedication or seeking emomontos or mansibok for diagnosis of illness, correct understanding of hereditary diseases and discouraging herbal medicines without scientific basis.
Description: Thesis(M.S.:Nursing)--Saint Louis University,BaguioCity,1999
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/225
Appears in Collections:School of Nursing

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