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|Title: ||Development of an occupational safety and health (OSH) programs for Adriste Philippines, Inc.|
|Authors: ||Fernandez, Marilou Marcos|
|Keywords: ||Occupational Safety and Health|
Occupational Safety and Health Program
|Issue Date: ||Oct-2010 |
|Abstract: ||Summary: The objective of the study is to develop an Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) program for Adriste Philippines, Inc. (API). This study determined the existing OSH practices of the company and OSH requirements of Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) in order to check if API complied with the standards set by the government. Likewise, recommendations were proposed to improve the API’s OSH practices. It also points out on how API can benefit from the study. Descriptive-developmental method of research was employed. Data were gathered through checklist-questionnaire from selected number of administrative employees, workers and line leaders in each section who served as the respondents of the study. in addition, structured interview questionnaire was prepared and used to validate the research instrument checklist. Gap analysis was likewise done prior to the development of an OSH program.
Findings: Based on the data gathered, the following are the most important findings of the study: From the OSHS as prescribed by the DOLE, 38% (10 out of 26) was identified to be applicable in developing an OSH Program for API. These are Rules 1040, 1060, 1940, 1150, 1080, 1200, 1090, 1030, 1960 and 1050. An additional requirement is a company safety policy taken from Section 5, from the Guidelines Governing Occupational Safety and Health in the Construction industry of the DOLE OSHS and from the checklist for evaluation of Construction Safety and Health Program (CSHP). Other rules prescribed by DOLE are found not to be applicable because it does not suit to the operation of API.
From the existing OSH practices of API, workers are aware of the existence of a safety and health committee, and that OSH meetings are held regularly; emergency exit signs are visibly posted in proper areas and fire extinguishers are strategically placed in areas for easy access. Cleanliness is observed; color coded trash bins are provided; all workers are filly aware of their duties in cleaning their work areas 5 minutes before the end of the workday and before the start of each workday; the Knits and Leather Departments have separate store rooms; stacking limit of 1 meter from the ceiling is strictly implemented; and the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) of all workers is strictly observed. The problems identified by the researcher at API include lack of trainings and seminars pertaining to safety programs; 1 out of 8 sections in the Knits Department and 2 out of 7 sections in the Leather Department have insufficient machine spaces; workplaces are tight that not enough spaces arc provided for the workers to move freely with 5 out of 14 sections in the Knits Department while 7 out of 17 sections in the Leather Department; and finally unsafe machines were identified with 2 out of 8 sections in the Knits department while 1 out of 7 in the Leather Department.
Seven out of 12 Rules, API did not comply with the OSHS as prescribed by the DOLE. The developed OSH program was in accordance with OSHS containing four elements: Management Commitment; Hazard Recognition; Hazard Prevention and Control; and Safety and Health Training.
Conclusions: Based on the findings of the study, the following conclusions are drawn: DOLE has clear provisions on Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) requirements suitable to API situations along involvement of workers on OSH, status of worksite, safety measures in the handling and maintenance of hazardous machines and materials as well as the support related to OSH. API workers are properly involved in OSH operation of the company; but work premises are not properly constructed and well maintained; potentially hazardous machines and materials are present in work area and therefore require attention; personal protective equipment (PPE) are available. Safety measures in the handling and maintenance of hazardous machines and materials are not sufficiently practiced. API lacks support to trainings and seminars related to OSH as well as on health programs for the employees. There is an existing gap between DOLE OSH requirements and API’s existing OSH practices. API is compliant to some of the rules prescribed by DOLE OSH but not all requirements are being met by API. The developed program is sufficient to meet the requirements of DOLE and therefore recommended for immediate
Recommendations: The heart and soul of this research is the creation of an OSH Manual to help API meet or even exceed it’s customer’s expectations. Thus, the researcher recommends the following to API: before the final implementation of the developed OSH program, it is recommended that API should form an internal committee to review the content of the various provisions written in the proposed manual specially those parts where API did not conform with the requirements of DOLE. In the implementation, API should use the manual as a basis for making their own OSH audits prior to customer audits and use the manual as a reference in creating similar manuals for other systems. API management should keep themselves abreast of the new OSH requirements; and for future researchers, this study is recommended for them to use as reference in developing an OSH manual for other organizations. For API’s OSH practices; (a) All sections obtained less than 24” passageways between machines and work areas should be spaced at least 24” as recommended by DOLE. (b) Provide pulley guard on the Tung Fung machine found in the Knitting section. (c) Fix the defective lock of the locker arm in one of the Accessories Automatic machines located in the knitting section. (d) Provide on/off switch button for the Spinner in the Scouring section and replace all socket holders of the Leather Electric Pressing machines in the Pressing/Ironing Section that are burned and with loose contact. (e) Post MSDS in the different sections of the Knits department and (f) provide storage area for the hazardous materials used in the Knits department especially in the Embroidery section and the Fancy Cutting section of the Leather Department.|
|Description: ||Thesis (M.E. P. : Mechanical Engineering). -- Saint Louis University, Baguio City, 2010.|
|Appears in Collections:||School of Engineering and Architecture|
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