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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/384

Title: Psychological Underpinnings of the Democratic Values of Civil Servants
Authors: Valladolid-Villacorte, Marissa
Keywords: age
civil servants
democracy
democratic values
economic security
gender
motivation
motivating factors
permanent government employees
political interest
politics
social acceptance
social mobility
trust in fellow citizens
values
volunteerism
Issue Date: Feb-2004
Abstract: 7.1 Summary Using the World Values Survey and numerous literatures, this research attempted to find out the motivating factors affecting the democratic values of the government employees from the Baguio City Hall and Benguet Provincial Capitol. The hypotheses of the study were- as follows: (1.a) For government employees ages 20 to 30 years old, social acceptance is the basic motivating factor affecting their democratic values, (1.b) For government employees ages 40 to 60 years old, economic security and social mobility are the basic motivating factors affecting their democratic values, (2) There is a significant difference in the effect of the three motivating factors in the democratic values of the government employees. For ages 20 to 30 years old, social acceptance significantly affects their democratic values more than economic security and social mobility. While for ages 40 to 60 years old, economic security and social mobility significantly affect their democratic values more than social acceptance, (3.a) For the male government employees, social acceptance, economic security and social mobility are the basic motivating factors affecting their democratic values, (3.b) For the female government employees, social acceptance and economic security are the basic motivating factors affecting their democratic values, and (4) There is no significant difference in terms of the basic motivating factors affecting the democratic values of male government employees. For male government employees, social acceptance, economic security and social mobility are the basic motivating factors affecting their democratic values, while for female government employees, social acceptance and economic security significantly affect their democratic values more than social mobility. The research had been limited to permanent employees of the two government offices mentioned. The study made use of the descriptive research method and statistically analyzed the results using the computation for the mean scores (X) and t-test. 7.2 Summary of Findings and Conclusions As the findings had highlighted, most of the civil servants ages 20 to 30 and 40 to 60 years old agree that the three motivating factors namely, social acceptance, economic security and social mobility affect the democratic values of civil servants. Thus age, as moderator variable, did not have any bearing in terms of the effect of the motivating factors on their democratic values. There was o difference found in terms of the effect of the motivating factors on the democratic values of civil servants ages 20 to 30 years old. But for 40 to 60 years old, social acceptance came out to have a greater effect on their democratic values compared to social mobility. Most of the male and female civil servants were in agreement that the three basic motivating factors all affect their democratic values. As such, gender as moderator variable proved not to have any bearing in terms of the effect of the motivating factors in the democratic values of civil servants. No difference was found in terms of the effect of the three motivating factors in the democratic values of the male civil servants. For female civil servants, social acceptance and economic security came out to have a greater effect in their democratic values compared to social mobility. 7.3 Recommendations 1. The formulation of a Filipino-based version of the stages of Psychosocial Development of Erik Erikson due to contentions that, the interaction of social influences on the physical and psychological maturity of an individual from birth to death may vary due to the existing relativity in the social environment such as the culture and age criteria for the early adult and middle adult Filipinos may differ from the Western standard. 2. Inclusion of culture, specifically political culture, so as to provide a wider understanding of why Filipinos cherish their democratic values and give tight to the uniqueness of the Filipino understanding of democracy. 3. An analysis of the various democratic values (trust in fellow citizen, volunteerism and political interest) side by side with the motivating factors to give a clearer understanding as to which democratic value is highly affected by the motivating factor studied herein. 4. A further research covering heterogeneous respondents both from the urban and rural areas, employed and unemployed in order to deduce more ideas related to the motivating factor embraced by Filipinos from all walks of life. 5. To further measure the forms of social acceptance most cherished by the middle adult civil servants and female civil servants due to its significant effect on their democratic values. 6. Conceptualization of a more positive understanding of the concepts social acceptance and economic security since they came out to have a significant effect on the democratic values of the civil servants. 7. To the Cadets who will be leading the AFP to be able to set a balance between those theories and the uniqueness of the Filipino psyche without jeopardizing their responsibilities as defined by the Laws of the land. 8. For those in the teaching profession to work on alternative Filipino theories rather than studying Filipino behavior using a Western theory to further enhance student understanding of the subject matter.
Description: Thesis (M.S. : Psychology). -- Saint Louis University, Baguio City, 2004.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/384
Appears in Collections:School of Humanities

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