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|Title: ||The constructs of spiritual intelligence, its correlates with stress management and variation across selected variables|
|Authors: ||Itliong-Maximo, Sally|
|Keywords: ||Spiritual Intelligence (SQ)|
Sensitiveness to Meaning
Purpose and Value
Sense of Openness to Experience / Receptivity
Transcendence and the Capacity for Peak Experience
The Practice of Moral Virtues
Meaningful Work and Involvement in Life
Sense of Fortitude
Capacity for Self-Individuation
Centers of Spirituality
Spirituality in Counseling
|Issue Date: ||Oct-2006 |
The concept of intelligence is expanding from Intelligence Quotient (IQ), to Emotional Intelligence (EQ) and now Spiritual Intelligence (SQ) which pertains to the good. The descriptive-correlational method employed in this study enabled the researcher to investigate 1) the constructs of Spiritual Intelligence 2) the relationship of Spiritual Intelligence and Stress Management and 3) the SQ constructs in function of the variables religious commitment, gender and other respondents’ demographics. The researcher conducted her study among employees of Saint Louis University (SLU), Baguio City, consisting of an adult population with age ranging from early twenties to late fifties. The main tools used by this researcher were three (3) survey-questionnaire forms designed to measure the main variables of the study. They are 1) The Spiritual Intelligence Indicators Inventory (SIII) 2) The Religious Commitment Inventory - 10 & 3) The stress management Strategies Inventory. Of the 225 survey questionnaires distributed, the researcher was able to retrieve 158 and 19 of these were invalidated: hence only 139 sets were entered for treatment. The statistical treatment used for this study were 1) Factor Analysis - Principal Axis Factoring Method 2) ANOVA and Bonferroni Pairwise comparisons Method 3) Pearson and Partial Correlation Coefficient 4) Stepwise Multiple Regression Analyses and 5) a series of t-tests.
Spiritual Intelligence can be best understood by analyzing its underlying constructs. The scale devised by the researcher reveals nine (9) factors that may enhance a person’s appreciation of SQ. The nine constructs are 1) Factor I - Sensitiveness to meaning, Purpose and Value 2) Factor II -- Sense of harmony/Peace 3) Factor III - Nurturance of faith through Meaningful Encounter 4) Factor IV - Openness to experience/ Receptivity 5) Factor V - Transcendence and the capacity for Peak Experiences 6) Factor Vi - The Practice of Moral Virtues 7) Factor VII - Meaningful Work and Involvement in Life 8) Factor VIII - Sense of Fortitude and 9) Factor IX - Capacity of Self-Individuation. There is a positive relationship between Spiritual Intelligence and Stress Management. There is also positive relationship between Religious Commitment and Spiritual Intelligence. Although females exhibit higher levels of Spiritual Intelligence than males on factors that allude to a sense of connection and relationship with others, the total SQ reveals no difference between the two groups. This makes the researcher conclude that ultimately males and females will not differ in Spiritual Intelligence. Similarly, no significant difference was found between age groups (below 40 vs. 40 and above), religion (Catholics vs. non-Catholics)’ occupations (faculty vs. administration) and civil status (single vs. married).
As hypothesized, the constructs of Spiritual Intelligence are attuned with the spiritual nature of man and the related to the sacred. These nine (9) factors articulate in specific and concrete terms the more abstract and general Spiritual Quotient. The findings also support the construct validity of the Spiritual Intelligence Indicators Inventory (SIII). Considering Stress Management, emotion-focused coping has a relatively stronger relationship and greater mediating influence on SQ than problem-focused coping. This stresses the supportive relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Spiritual Intelligence. It also pays to be committed to one’s religious affiliations. Religious teachings reinforce Spiritual Intelligence to the extent that it coincides with the integration, oneness and harmony, which are, in essence, the religions. No significant differences were found considering gender and the respondents’ demographics that assert the integrative quality of spiritual Intelligence harmonizing human factors normally dichotomized. This finding is a reminder to those who wish to pursue spiritual growth to relate with the self and others as equal dignity. Each individual has as much right as the other to nurture his/her Spiritual Intelligence.
The results of the study may be used by different sectors of the SLU community in their program development in response to the institution’s core value of Christian Spirit. The author suggests a form of “SQ Program” that would cater to the students, faculty and employees. This can be integrated in orientation programs, parish activities, classroom instruction and counseling. Likewise to those who choose to pursue their spiritual growth, the researcher recommends that they review this nine- (9) factors and reflect on their strong point and weak points. Persons, churches, organization and agencies involved in the advocacy of human growth potential may find the information also useful especially when designing modules for activities that would cater to facilitating spiritual development. These modules may be incorporated in activities that boost spirituality like recollections, seminars, prayer services and similar workshops. As a form of assessment, the level of SQ may be explored using the 45-item SIII devised by this researcher.|
|Description: ||Thesis (M.S. : Guidance and Counseling)--Saint Louis University, Baguio City, 2006.|
|Appears in Collections:||School of Humanities|
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